Right before the Titanic sank, at around 1:00 a.m. on April 15, 1912, somebody sent the following telegram, an incredible — albeit sad — example of BLUF (Bottom Line Up Front):
CQD CQD SOS SOS = FROM MGY (RMS TITANIC) = WE HAVE STRUCK ICEBERG = SINKING FAST = COME TO OUR ASSISTANCE = POSITION: LAT 41.46 N. = LON 50.14 W. MGY
BLUF is originally a military communications technique, in which the conclusion — the most vital information and actions — is placed right at the start.
As a copywriting tool for your landing page, BLUF is effective for a few reasons, including:
- highlighting your best copy right away,
- reducing the likelihood of people bouncing due to lack of clarity and
- giving the reader what they need to make an informed decision (respect people’s time and intelligence and they’ll respect you).
Look at this example from the Starbucks website:
When the folks at Starbucks released their Italian-Style Ham & Spicy Salami sandwich in January, they knew that all they really needed to do was show the sandwich and tell you what’s in it. Throw in some colorful words, like handcrafted, splash and tangy, and you’re salivating.
This is BLUF. Starbucks has given you everything you need to know about whether this sandwich is for you, all in about 30 words. If you really want to “Learn More”, you can (it has 480 calories and little pickled peppers, if you’re interested).
Now that you know what BLUF is and have some idea of how it works, let’s look at some more examples, and then how to put BLUF into practice on your own landing pages. Get ready to nerd out.
Download Your Free Learn How To BLUF Worksheet
BLUF example #2: Gumroad
What is Gumroad’s BLUF?
Sell music directly to your listeners.
See higher conversion, lower fees and more customer control.
Gumroad’s bottom line is that it allows musicians to sell directly to listeners. That might be enough for some people, but the landing page includes some key features of the service, like lower fees and the possibility of higher conversions. If you’re a musician, Gumroad is sounding pretty good by now, so the next logical step is to attempt to seal the deal by inviting you to sign up for free.
There’s more information in the page section below if you’re in need of a bit more convincing, but essentially everything you need to know to make a decision is right there up front.
BLUF example #3: Human
What is Human’s BLUF?
Human’s BLUF is even simpler than Gumroad’s; its app will encourage you to do 30 minutes or more of exercise every day. It’s a fitness tracker that feeds you little nuggets of praise, pushing you to do more.
Again, the call to action mentions that the app is free to download, making it harder to refuse.
BLUF example #4: Dyson
What if the thing you’re offering is complex? Further, what if you want to highlight the fact that it’s complex, but still have people understand it? All the more reason to use BLUF. Nothing changes.
The Dyson team prides themselves on making things that are intuitive and easy to use. They also want you and the competition to know that there is absolutely nothing else like a Dyson. They’re not shy about giving you the technical details, but look at how they do it.
This unique 360 vision system uses complex mathematics, probability theory, geometry and trigonometry to map and navigate a room. So it knows where it is, where it’s been and where it’s yet to clean.
What is Dyson’s BLUF (and what else have they done right?)
Nobody who’s just looking for a bog-standard vacuum cleaner is going to be interested in the ins and outs of the 360 Eye — or its $1,200 price tag. The people who are interested in this cleaner are gadget geeks and tech brains with money to burn.
The folks at Dyson know that, and they sell based on the vacuum’s features. The bottom line is that the people who are most likely to buy the 360 Eye will be attracted by certain words and phrases, like “robot navigation technology” and “probability theory.”
Dyson knows that the people who buy this cleaner will want to stand and look at it with their friends and say,
It uses trigonometry to figure out that it still needs to clean near the fridge.
Plan your copy using BLUF
Planning what to write on your landing page with BLUF is easy.
If I’m a visitor to your landing page, I have a specific need to fill. I want you to:
- show me how your offering meets my needs (whether it’s a car alarm or a cake decorating set),
- give me reason to think that your thing is better than everyone else’s and
- invite me to learn more, sign up or buy.
If I want to know more, I can scroll, but if you can fulfill my need convincingly right there in your opening, I’m less likely to visit somebody else’s landing page, right?
Consider this: How often do you stare at an article or landing page and have no idea what you’re reading? Let’s avoid that.
Exercise: Learn how to BLUF
This is just for fun, so don’t panic. Thinking about the examples above, pick a product or service (your own or someone else’s) and have a crack at this. I’ve filled it out for PayPal as an example:
|Words/phrases you associate with this product/service||Problems this product/service solves||Things which make this product/service better than the rest|
|Money, finances, security, payments, safety, ease, simplicity, universal, send, receive, business, invoice, used by millions, trusted, fraud protection||• Sending and receiving money safely|
• No need to hand over bank details
• Trade in different currencies
• Keep track of business payments
|• Can receive payments/send invoices to people who don’t have PayPal|
• Work easily with any currency
• Access your money anywhere in the world
Visualizing your thoughts and features like this starts to give you an idea of what your conclusion, key points and actions might be. It’s the framework for your BLUF copy.
We’ve now got plenty of material to create a PayPal landing page with. We might say something like:
Send and Receive Money Safely
Access your money anywhere. Trade business invoices in any currency.
Start trading today
Outlining your copy first can be useful for informing your design. It’s something that copywriter Alastaire Allday talks about in his ebook, Think Like a Copywriter.
The essence of BLUF is about giving your reader the information they need right away, and allowing them to make an informed decision about a follow-up.
While being so scant in your introduction may sound scary, just like in dating, confidence pays off big time. It’s much easier for people to buy into your idea when you’re completely behind it yourself. You still need to be descriptive, but highlight your best parts straight away. Don’t beat around the bush.
Good luck using BLUF to take your landing page copywriting to another level.
~ Napoleon Bonaparte